What We Offer
Proofreading is the examination of a final draft of a document or text to ensure there are no errors. Proofreading also involves checking all design elements for accuracy and consistency including headers, level heads, page numbering, word breaks, end-of-line breaks, page breaks, and cross references. Our proofreaders ensure appropriate placement of tables and artwork.
In sum, after editing, a proofreader performs a final check for mistakes in spelling, punctuation, spacing, format before the manuscript, article, ad copy, essay or web content is published or turned in.
Copyediting involves proofreading a document, however, the purpose of copyediting is to remove mistakes, inconsistencies, or other expression(s) that could distract or confuse readers; or embarrass the author. A copyeditor corrects grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and problems with syntax. Copyeditors will also review singular pronouns, singular nouns, plural pronouns, and plural nouns. A Copyeditor puts the document in proper manuscript format; will standardize notes, bibliographies, and reference lists; and will make style decisions based on a style manual regarding punctuation, source citations, quotations, etc.
Copyediting is the level of editing most commonly needed.
Content editing concentrates on the content, structure, language and style of a document or text. A content editor takes an active role in initiating changes. During a heavy edit, sentences will be polished and reworded to improve clarity and flow and to get rid of repetition, clumsy wording, an overuse of passive voice, and convoluted sentence structure. During content editing, facts are checked and corrected, sections may be rearranged if necessary, and subheads and chapter titles might be reworked.
In sum, content editing emphasizes logical organization and flow of information in an attempt to make documents clear, concise, and easy to read at the sentence, paragraph, and chapter levels. A content edit ensures arguments make sense, plots develop in a compelling fashion, and that information is conveyed accurately and logically.
Developmental editing involves looking at manuscripts and projects from the big picture perspective. During developmental editing, editors think about broad changes that might be made to enhance continuity, clarify the thesis or plot, and create a gradual flow (suspense) that keeps reader attention. Developmental editing includes coordinating an entire project from rough concept to market-ready product. This includes incorporating input from consultants, agents, designers, media professionals and marketing experts to reviewers and other writers, where necessary.
Developmental editors indicate what they believe works, what they believe doesn’t work, and what they believe could be done to fix a document or text; or enhance a project.
Developmental editing works best when editors have specialized knowledge of a subject area. Still, even an editor with such knowledge can only help to a point. In the end, the text will succeed or stand on the strength of the writer’s concept, insight and research.
During rewriting, a writer will revise and create a new manuscript or document for you. This may involve additional research.
Fact Checking/Reference Checking
Fact checking is a significant editorial task. Fact checking involves checking the accuracy of facts and quotations by referencing original sources and/or checking other sources.